"We are men and all we ask is to be treated as such," wrote the miners in a public letter published during their 1886 strike.
John Siney led the Workingmen's Benevolent Association in actions against coal operators in the 1860s and 1870s.
In October 1862, Irish miners in Pennsylvania staged an armed revolt against the government. Their actions foreshadowed even bloodier events.
In the spring of 1863, a series of strikes among miners stopped all work in the anthracite coal mines of Wiconisco Township.